Berkouwer emphasizes both objectivity and subjectivity.

He does this by emphasizing that faith’s subjective certainty is rooted in the truth of the Gospel.

“Faith involves a certain subjectivity, … a subjectivity which has meaning only as it is bound to the gospel.” (Faith and Justification, p. 30).

“the church’s … certainty is bound to certain norms and … a feeling of subjective certainty does not guarantee irrefutable certainty … it is not the certainty, but the truth in the certainty that makes us free … there is away of understanding Holy Scripture that does not estrange us from the gospel.” (Holy Scripture, p. 20).

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