Divine sovereignty and divine freedom in Romans 9-11

Relating his understanding of divine sovereignty and divine freedom to the interpretation of Romans 9-11, Berkouwer wrote, “Words like ‘sovereignty’ ought not to be approached abstractly via a formal concept: this can only create the impression that we are capturing our own understanding or words in transparent definitions and then applying them directly to God without deeper consideration, as though he naturally fits the definition garnerd from human experience. Not surprisingly, this abstract notion of sovereignty has a profound effect when theologians apply it to … Romans 9” (A Half Century of Theology, p. 91). He asked this question: “If divine freedom explains everything … how is it posssible that Paul … in … Romans 9-11 … does not end with a reasoned conclusion that the destiny of eveything and everyone is sealed from eternity. Why does he, rather, end with a breathtaking doxology” (A Half Century of Theology, p. 92 – followed by the words of Romans 11:33).
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