Marcuse’s view of liberation is based on human autonomy rather than “the freedom of the man of God”, which “has nothing to do with autonomy … and … does not stand opposed to submission to God” (Berkouwer, Man: The Image of God, pp. 313, 320). The structure of Marcuse’s argument does, however, provide a valuable context for an analysis of the theological concept of liberation.
Marcuse stresses that liberation is grounded in the truth, that there is a tension between the truth and its practice and that there is a tension between the notion of liberation and its possibilities of historical realization.
Each of these aspects has its parallel in a theological concept of liberation which relates present practice to both its foundation and its expectation.