Divine Sovereignty and Human Freedom

Berkouwer's perspective on human freedom is closely connected with his understanding of divine authority. Emphasizing that 'Authority ... cannot be a darksome power that compels us to subject ourselves without reason' (A Half Century of Theology, p.158), he maintains that the authority of God, unlike what is usually meant by 'external authority', brings 'perspective, joy …

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“The Heart of the Church”

In his book, A Half Century of Theology, G C Berkouwer has a chapter on "The Heart of the Church" (Chapter 4). In this chapter, he is concerned to emphasize the importance of the doctrine of election: "If we take seriously the conviction that election lies at the cor ecclesiae, at the heart of the …

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G. C. Berkouwer and the Experiential Theology of Early Dutch Calvinism

The experiential theology of early Dutch Calvinism finds its clearest expression in the writings of a number of seventeenth century writers, such as William Ames, T J Frelinghuysen and William a Brakel. William Ames, probably the most well-known representative of this type of theology, opens his book, The Marrow of Theology, with a definition of …

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Berkouwer and Speculative Theology

It has been said that, in Berkouwer's writings, there is a polemic against speculative theology'. We should take care not to overstate this point. His theology can be described as a polemic against scholasticism. In his exposition of divine election, he has identified a scholastic outlook as unhelpful in its representation of the various sides …

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